Between 3 to 5 months after planting, paddy is harvested from the paddy field and dried before being sent to mills, where it is checked for quality and weight before processing. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), China is the largest producer of paddy, with 162 million hectares harvested in 2019.
Semi-processed brown rice can be milled further, removing its husk, bran and germ layers to varying degrees. This changes the appearance and flavor of the crop and, importantly, extends its storage life. This is because the oil that the milling process removes is susceptible to oxidation and degradation. After milling, the rice is polished, resulting in a shiny white finish to the seed. Milled rice is a an appetizing source of carbohydrates and protein, and can be enhanced with added minerals and vitamins to increase its nutritional value.
From dried paddy, brown rice is milled to become semi-processed rice. The inedible outer hull is removed and can be used as a source of energy. Brown rice is considered a healthy food source because the bran and germ it retains are packed with vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. For instance, one cup of brown rice contains 3.5 grams of fiber and 88% of the recommended daily intake of manganese, a vital mineral for important body processes such as bone development, wound healing and blood sugar regulation.
Basmati is a long grain, fragrant rice that cooks fluffier than white rice with a stronger flavor than the jasmine variety. We source aromatic white basmati grown in India with a sweet, nutty flavor for our Indian Basmati Rice.
IR 64 Parboiled Rice is one of the most exported varieties of Long grain rice with an average length of 5.8mm to 6.2mm and has in good demand. This rice variety is highly popular in African and Gulf Countries for its good quality and low prices.